Sports science focuses on four main sciences: psychology, physiology, biomechanics, and motor learning/control. With a deeper understanding of sports, exercise, and human performance, sports scientists can evaluate, design, and monitor sports training programs. The goal is to help coaches and athletes achieve peak performance. Many clubs work with sports scientists for their NFL Experts’ Choice.
These specialists can also study the body’s physiological response to exercise from a health perspective. Additionally, many exercise and sports scientists are studying how physical activity can help great athletes prevent and treat chronic disease. These diseases include cardiovascular disease, cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, obesity and diabetes.
Here are some interesting facts you probably didn’t know about sports science.
1. It’s an ancient field
The science of sports dates back to the first Olympic Games, which are said to have taken place in 776 BC in the ancient city of Olympia in Greece. Ever since then, people have constantly researched how to improve their athletic performance and gain an edge over their competition. The science of sport was born out of this. Although it was born hundreds of years ago, it was not until the 20th century that it became a discipline.
The application of science in sport peaked in the Eastern Bloc countries and in the former Soviet Union. Around this time, many scientists began to study the application of physics to body movement as well as the physiological disciplines involved in exercise. This spread to the United States, and in the 1960s many specialists were investigate sport-specific phenomena.
2. Sports science relies heavily on technology
Experts usually use multiple 3D cameras to capture the movements of athletes while playing various sports. These 3D cameras have different sensors to measure the acceleration, forces, pressure and movements of these athletes. Their main function is to measure distances, speeds and positions. This is commonly known as 3D motion analysis and is a key aspect of sports science.
Scientists can now use computers to monitor and study the recorded movements of athletes, in order to improve their performance and techniques.
3. It is a multidisciplinary science
Sports science does not only study how the body functions during exercise. It is a multidisciplinary subject focused on the science behind performance in sport. It integrates various fields including biochemistry, physiology, anatomy, psychology, nutrition, biokinetics and biomechanics.
The hands-on aspect of sports science means that students can also learn how to use the equipment. These tools are used in sports psychology, injury rehabilitation, exercise physiology and coaching.
The bottom line
Sports science plays a key role in professional sports. Professional and amateur soccer, soccer, baseball, basketball, rugby and other types of clubs all work with teams of sports scientists to ensure their players perform exemplary. The goal of professional sports, after all, is to defeat competitors.
- According to Public Games Act of 1867all Indian states except Goa, Daman and Sikkim prohibit gambling
- Land-based casinos are legalized, with certain guidelines, in Goa and Daman as per the Goa, Daman and Diu Public Games Act 1976
- Land-based casinos, online gambling and electronic games (gambling) are legalized in Sikkim under the Sikkim Online Gaming (Regulation) Rules 2009
- Only some states in India have legalized online/regular lotteries as per the conditions laid down by the state laws. Please refer to the same here
- Horse racing and betting on horse racing, including online betting, is only permitted at a licensed establishment in certain states. Please refer to the 1996 Judgment of the Supreme Court of India here and for more information
- This article does not endorse or express the views of Qrius and/or any of its employees.
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